Day: August 24, 2016


Navigation is the calculation of position and direction.

The fundamental aim and working principal of the computer are much about navigation than usually missing. Many mechanical aids to calculation and measurement were designed for astronomical and navigational use.


Perception which is constitute from all former experiences, skills, concepts, misconceptions, thoughts and generalisations. The perceptual field, which is the established model of objective reality, of the real world around the subject. It is where the subject finds the background for perception.


I will mention about the spatiality in twofold. One is related with spatiality of digital environments, which are virtual environments without physical qualities, the second is digitalised physical environments; environments that physically exist and digitalised into virtual by enabling technologies.

People have tendency to pick the closer one and count the other one as a  object or subject is becoming irrelevant. The law of proximity says that what is close is more important, true, or concrete than what is far away, smaller, and more difficult to access.  By the combination of presentation technologies and real time communication the proximity has challenged. As vicarial presence came to the scene, what is important is determined by their value rather than distance.

“During mechanical ages we had extended our bodies in space. Today, after more than a century of electric technology, we have extended our central nervous system itself in a global embrace, abolishing both space and time as far as our planet is concerned.”(McLuhan)

Along the past decades, many people have been working on new space. The collaboratively constructed slice of the space now allow us to move, play, perform inside it.

As Lefebvre claim, “Space is socially produced and serves as a tool of thought and of action , as a means of production, control, domination and power.” By transcending the barrier of space and time, contemporary networks change the space-time bound power relations. Many digital media environments act like public spaces. These new spaces can be taken as a training ground for individuals to express themselves within the digital circuits while space can use storing the given data and turning them into statistical knowledge.

In terms of archive, people will not deal with lost papers no more, rather than send it to me directly, don’t forget the duplicate your data, you can always copy and paste, just give the right key terms to allow a machine to process.

Represented physical space

For the first time, space becomes media type. (Manovich, 2001)

Much like the other types of media such as text, audio, video and stills space has become media type by contemporary developments.While  linear media such as books and films can depict space,only digital environments can present space that we can move through.

Being able to navigate into the digital space give a dramatic engagement for the users.

The Database Logic

By the advent of camera and computing, historical data; which is in symbolic order by alphabetic symbols enhances its quality with  photography; which belongs to physical real. These epistemological enhancements changed the way of perception as well requirements of organisation, categorization and access of the data.

The database is a structured data for managing, processing and accessing. The ultimate goal of the database is having an organised information and retaining the comprehensiveness of recording result of the specified data. All of the media objects inherently interface of the database while some of them comprise structural  construction of the database logic.

“Perhaps, “Man with a Movie Camera” is an example of a database imagination in modern media art. Man with a Movie Camera is not only a database of the city in the 1920s according to Manovich, “a database of film techniques, and a database of new operations of visual epistemology, but also a database of new interface operations that together aim to go beyond simple human navigation through physical space.” (Manovich, 2001)

But the main database is a word comes with computers. By their talent in the calculation, computers are intrinsically available for various database operations.

The computer age brought with it a new cultural algorithm: reality->media->data->database. (Monavich, 2001)

The database supports both the pure database form and the narration. One of the  arguments of Manovich claims that the logic of the database replaces that of the narrative in digital media.

Much like Maravich Ernst also affirm the similar ideas that dominant model for organising information and structural tradition of Aristotle has begun to destroy with new media. By emphasising the centrality of temporality, there might be a change for the long term read only memory ROM with RAM random access memories. The archive is much more dynamic, transformative and productive in terms of history just like the organic memory, not in rest in the fixed position, always shifts with other factors. According to Ernst, there is a shift through micro-temporal approach refers to archives in motion. This transformation is not much about the human activity rather it is much about technological amelioration.

Once things are being digitalised, you can analyse every bit and this allows to investigate and navigate in them.

Data mining as a result of big data on the digital environments


Locus of copying.

“The math is simple: one byte = one typed alphabetic character. One page of text contains about 2.000characters, so one million bytes, aka one megabyte (MB) would hold about 500 pages of text data. Most books are much less than 500 pages. … If the average length of a book is 350 pages,then the whole of the Library of the Congress would fit in less space. If the average length of a book is 250 pages, it would fit on an 18 TB drive with little room to spare.”

Gutenberg Project founded in 1971 is the oldest online library.




Lev Manovich lists the variability principles in his book called “The Language of New Media”. According to his findings;

Media presents in database. Database acts and functions like the cultural form of the new age.  The database are mostly open for the users to generate or edit by means of content or form. This new level of relationship with the data, effects the users’ understanding of the data itself.

Another attribution related with the variability is new media’s possibly of varying the same data with various interface.