The tube is a essential medium that unites various media complex. (radio, oscilloscope, television, computer)
Cathode Ray Tube
Our life is half natural and half technological. Half-and-half is good. You cannot deny that high-tech is progress. We need it for jobs. Yet if you make only high-tech, you make war. So we must have a strong human element to keep modesty and natural life. Nam June Paik
Korean-born American artist Paik influence the art of video and television intensely.
Electronic super highway –
“Skin has become inadequate in interfacing with reality. Technology has become the body’s new membrane of existence.” —Nam June Paik
“Game world is a simplified subdomain of the real world.” Steve Swink
Game industry developed as the result of the military contract spin off some of their products around the 1980s. Flight simulators design their technology for the arcade games, including game council PC games muds was growing with a pace.
For example, Silicon Valley made the major products the Nintendo export for the play station and the extremely successful Super Mario series came out of that.
The archive is first the law of what can be said, the system that governs the appearance of statements as unique events. But the archive is also that which determines that all these things said do not accumulate endlessly in an amorphous mass, nor are they inscribed in an unbroken linearity, nor do they disappear at the mercy of chance external accidents; but they are grouped together in distinct figures, composed together in accordance with multiple relations, maintained or blurred in accordance with specific regularities; that which determines that they do not withdraw at the same pace in time, but shine, as it were, like stars, some that seem close to us shining brightly from far off, while others that are in fact close to us are already growing pale. —Michel Foucault
“The very idea of the archive shaped how photography developed from its invention in the 1830s. The standardisation of cameras and film formats, the standardisation of printed matter, the standardisation of the family album, the picture library, the computer image file, the press agency and even the modern art gallery – these are all archival forms of, and for, the photographic image.”
By providing symbols, rituals, and representations, expressions, emotions, relations, media compose shared memories of modern people. Collective memory mostly consists of publicly available social events that are circulating in the media environments.
Imagination is like going down the rabbit hole. By the origin of the word it is picturing, imaging oneself. It’s a great ability of the human that can connect the different points and creates new ideas, images, concepts of external objects not present to the senses.
Contemporary area, which is governed by scientific taste, creates its narrative genre called science fiction.
From Jules Verne to Star Trek, science fiction has proven to be remarkably prescient in developing new technologies and shaping attitudes towards that technology. As a reminder, a promise of the science fiction requires material, physical, rationalisation rather than a supernatural or arbitrary. Material rather than the supernatural is its key attribution. However, it is hard to differentiate the well-developed technology from the supernatural. So let’s face the music. Isaac Asimov wrote about the connected library that everyone can access, in a short story called “From The ‘London Times’ in 1904, Mark Twain predicted the internet in 1898 when telephones were still a very novel form of communication. John Brunner also wrote about the many issues related to computer technology. One of the contemporary ways of communication has already written by Jelus Verne in 1889. Talking holograms do not only appear in the Star Trek, they become to come around. There was a voice-controlled computer in 2001: A Space Odyssey. Voice control has become mainstream software like Siri on the iPhone 4S. Besides, the first aeroplane television was seen in 2001: A Space Odyssey. Now you can see it anytime you take a flight. Cyberspace was the word from the Necromancer that was written by W. Gibson. Kurtzwell had already written that intelligence machine will win the chess match in 1990 before IBM’s Deep Blue won in 1997.
The Spielberg film A.I. was based on a Brian Aldiss story, “Super-Toys Last All Summer Long”.
The question of imaginary media is: What can be imagined, and under what historical, social and political conditions? What are the conditions for the media imaginaries of the modern mind and contemporary culture, and on the other hand, how do imaginaries condition the way we see actual technologies?(Parikka, 2012, What is Media Archeology pg 47)
They are the nexus of many tasks. Weather prediction, navigation, broadcasting.
The first satellite in space was Sputnik 1 which means as a word fellow traveller was send in 1950 by Russians. After 7 years, the first biological spacecraft that called Sputnik 2 was sent by carrying a terrier female dog. By the following year, 1958, Sputnik 3 has taken its place in space as a first launched orbit. In the same year, 1958, America also started to launch the orbits. The satellite Score has become the world’s first communication satellite.
In 1960, several satellites were sent to space by Nasa. One of them was successfully acting as a passive reflector of microwave signals, communication signals were bounced off it from one point on Earth to another point. This was the satellite making the radio communication possible. Another one called Courier 1B could record messages from an earth station and rebroadcast them.
In 1962, while British and Canada sent their satellites into space, Telstar 1 has become the world’s first active communication satellite that makes the TV programs to be broadcast across the Atlantic.
In 1964, Italy became the fifth country to have artificial satellite. And following year French launched the Asterix. Also, same year first Soviet communication satellite Molniya launched.Germany sends its artificial satellite in 1969 just one year before the Japan and China.
Intelsat III counted as a significant one by enabling the live TV.
In 1974, Spain and Netherlands send the artificial satellites. Ans, which is was send by Netherlands was a space-based X-ray and ultraviolet telescope.
In 1975, India’s first artificial satellite was launch. The next year, Indonesian and 2 years later Czechoslovakian artificial satellites were launched.
“Nothing is harder to image than the past. It is imperative that all Landsat observations are archived and made available to users.”
Bound of Literature – Science fiction and Satellites
Arthur C. Clark was the first known author who talks about artificial satellites before the satellites were sent to space. Clarke was a science writer, futurist and scuba diver. He was an avid populariser of space travel. Clarke contributed to the popularity of the idea that geostationary satellites would be ideal telecommunications relays.