Tag: wide range

Culture and Digital

Digital applications convert the very habitual traditions of the cultures. For example, coffee fortune telling. This traditional behaviour of the Turkish people goes online on these days. People with smart phones are taking the pictures of their cups and send them to the virtual character who analyses the coffee cups and send them the analysis report simultaneously.

Collective Memory

dva-12By providing symbols, rituals, and representations, expressions, emotions, relations, media compose shared memories of modern people. Collective memory mostly consists of publicly available social events that are circulating in the media environments.

Computing without Computers

Because computers are sensory deprived and physically limited there is new search to present computing without computers. Integrating the nanotechnology into the other tools and the environments is a popular trend of the day.

Technology transforms the unintelligent, static objects to mobile, intelligent, active forms. These artefacts are designed to record, categorise, and serve as reflecting personalised taste in return.

On the other hand, these technological artefacts are also in a relationship with each other.


Contemporary Media Studies

Contemporary media can be used interchangeably in various context with different authors.  What this research mostly referring to  Lev Manovich who describes the technology as an inseparable component of the digital media and work on the data mining in digital environments, Andreas Treske who presents video, as an immersive atmosphere, which resists the narrative dictatorship and lastly Ernst Wolfgang who wrote an archive-oriented media theory and assert the dynamic nature of the digital video archive.


Imagination is like going down the rabbit hole. By the origin of the word it is picturing, imaging oneself. It’s a great ability of the human that can connect the different points and creates new ideas, images, concepts of external objects not present to the senses.

Contemporary area, which is governed by scientific taste, creates its narrative genre called science fiction.

From Jules Verne to Star Trek, science fiction has proven to be remarkably prescient in developing new technologies and shaping attitudes towards that technology. As a reminder, a promise of the science fiction requires material, physical, rationalisation rather than a supernatural or arbitrary. Material rather than the supernatural is its key attribution. However, it is hard to differentiate the well-developed technology from the supernatural. So let’s face the music. Isaac Asimov wrote about the connected library that everyone can access, in a short story called “From The ‘London Times’ in 1904, Mark Twain predicted the internet in 1898 when telephones were still a very novel form of communication. John Brunner also wrote about the many issues related to computer technology. One of the contemporary ways of communication has already written by Jelus Verne in 1889. Talking holograms do not only appear in the Star Trek, they become to come around. There was a voice-controlled computer in 2001: A Space Odyssey. Voice control has become mainstream software like Siri on the iPhone 4S. Besides, the first aeroplane television was seen in 2001: A Space Odyssey. Now you can see it anytime you take a flight. Cyberspace was the word from the Necromancer that was written by W. Gibson. Kurtzwell had already written that intelligence machine will win the chess match in 1990 before IBM’s Deep Blue won in 1997.

The Spielberg film A.I. was based on a Brian Aldiss story, “Super-Toys Last All Summer Long”.

The question of imaginary media is: What can be imagined, and under what historical, social and political conditions? What are the conditions for the media imaginaries of the modern mind and contemporary culture, and on the other hand, how do imaginaries condition the way we see actual technologies?(Parikka, 2012, What is Media Archeology pg 47)

Artificial Satellites

They are the nexus of many tasks. Weather prediction, navigation, broadcasting.

The first satellite in space was Sputnik 1 which means as a word fellow traveller was send in 1950 by Russians. After 7 years, the first biological spacecraft that called Sputnik 2 was sent by carrying a terrier female dog. By the following year, 1958, Sputnik 3 has taken its place in space as a first launched orbit. In the same year, 1958, America also started to launch the orbits. The satellite Score has become the world’s first communication satellite.

In 1960, several satellites were sent to space by Nasa. One of them was successfully acting as a passive reflector of microwave signals, communication signals were bounced off it from one point on Earth to another point. This was the satellite making the radio communication possible. Another one called Courier 1B could record messages from an earth station and rebroadcast them.

In 1962, while British and Canada sent their satellites into space, Telstar 1 has become the world’s first active communication satellite that makes the TV programs to be broadcast across the Atlantic.

In 1964, Italy became the fifth country to have artificial satellite. And following year French launched the Asterix. Also, same year first Soviet communication satellite Molniya launched.Germany sends its artificial satellite in 1969 just one year before the Japan and China.

Intelsat III counted as a significant one by enabling the live TV.

In 1974, Spain and Netherlands send the artificial satellites. Ans, which is was send by Netherlands was a space-based X-ray and ultraviolet telescope.

In 1975, India’s first artificial satellite was launch. The next year, Indonesian and 2 years later Czechoslovakian artificial satellites were launched.

“Nothing is harder to image than the past. It is imperative that all Landsat observations are archived and made available to users.”

Bound of Literature – Science fiction and Satellites 

Arthur C. Clark was the first known author who talks about artificial satellites before the satellites were sent to space. Clarke was a science writer, futurist and scuba diver. He was an avid populariser of space travel. Clarke contributed to the popularity of the idea that geostationary satellites would be ideal telecommunications relays.


Sir Tim Berners-Lee

He regarded as inventor of the World Wide Web in 1989 while he was working in the Cern.

There are three the key innovations that formed the Web;  HTTP (hypertext transfer protocol); allows you to click on a link and be brought to that document or Web page,  URLs (universal resource locators, which Tim originally referred to as URIs, for universal resource indicators); URLs serve as an address for finding that document or page, and HTML (hypertext markup language); gives you the ability to put links in documents and pages so they connect.

Tim Berners Lee has a analogy between web and  market economy:

“anyone can trade with anyone else without having to go to a physical market square to do it. The traders just need to know the rules. The hardest thing for people to grasp about the Web is that it has no center; any computer (or node, in mathematical terms) can link to any other computer directly, without having to go through a central connection point. They just need to know the rules for communicating.”

Computer Vision

Machine perception has always played a central role in AI. The most commonly studied perception modalities are Computer Vision and Natural Language Processing, each of which is included an extensive research and communities.

In terms of computer vision, progress in the computer science allows machines to have sight. The difference is much like the difference between the taking picture and seeing them. Taking the picture requires mechanism  but having sight to a machine and analysing to what to see requires a great amount of quantitative and qualitative understanding and intelligent. Very similar to the eyes brain distinction; vision begins with the eyes but where it takes place is the brain. Naming objects, understanding emotions, relations, actions and intentions are now possible by the computer vision. Developed computer algorithms are able to  understand the context of the images and describe them in sentences.

Machine Learning is a key field that enables systems to automatically improve their performance at a task by observing relevant data. There is basic distinction between supervised and unsupervised learning which due to the problems. Supervised learning is possible only the whole data right answers were provided whereas the unsupervised one use for complex solving such as given a set of news articles found on the web, group them interest of articles about the same story or given a database of customer data, automatically discover market segments and categorise costumers into different market segments.

Analog to Digital


“Signal” is a varying wave over time. The waves travel through the air, ultimately pushing on the sensors recreate the signal. The signal goes from one medium to the next, keeping its basic curvy shape.

When the signal digitalised it is easy the manipulate it.